The Simultaneous Localization and Mapping (SLAM) problem consists of building a map of an unknown environment while simultaneously localizing against this map. The main difficulty of this problem stems from not having any additional external aiding information such as GPS. SLAM has been considered one of the fundamental challenges of robotics. A pose graph optimization problem is one example of a SLAM problem.
This package defines the necessary Ceres cost functions needed to model the 2-dimensional pose graph optimization problem as well as a binary to build and solve the problem. The cost functions are shown for instruction purposes and can be speed up by using analytical derivatives which take longer to implement.
This package includes an executable
pose_graph_2d that will read a problem definition file. This executable can work with any 2D problem definition that uses the g2o format. It would be relatively straightforward to implement a new reader for a different format such as TORO or others.
pose_graph_2d will print the Ceres solver full summary and then output to disk the original and optimized poses (
poses_optimized.txt, respectively) of the robot in the following format:
pose_id x y yaw_radians pose_id x y yaw_radians pose_id x y yaw_radians ...
pose_id is the corresponding integer ID from the file definition. Note, the file will be sorted in ascending order for the
pose_graph_2d has one flag
--input which is the path to the problem definition. To run the executable,
/path/to/bin/pose_graph_2d --input /path/to/dataset/dataset.g2o
A python script is provided to visualize the resulting output files.
/path/to/repo/examples/slam/pose_graph_2d/plot_results.py --optimized_poses ./poses_optimized.txt --initial_poses ./poses_original.txt